Cross National Comparison of National and Ethnic Identity

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 2-3

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

The general aim of the course is to introduce students to the various concepts of nation and ethicity, and to discuss the most relevant sociological, historical and socio-psychological aspects of national or ethnic identities. The context is mainly the Central and Eastern European region, but also aims to analyze the Western European and overseas comparative context of national identity. The course first introduces students into the most basic theoretical questions, and next analyze the stock of knowledge of national identity based on comparative empirical research experiences. The comparative data analysis through the semester is based on a survey series conducted in 1995 and 2003 in more than 20 countries from all over the world. In this study, more than 30,000 people were interviewed in the eastern and western part of Europe, the United States, Australia, Japan and the Philippines.


  • Coenders, M. 2001: Nationalistic attitudes and ethnic exclusionism in a comparative perspective. ICS Dissertation, Nijmegen.
  • Csepeli, Gy. 1992: Nemzet által homályosan. [Wrapped in Mystery by the Nation]. Budapest: Századvég Kiadó.
  • Csepeli, Gy. and A. Örkény 1999: ‘International Comparative Investigation into the National identity.’ Review of Sociology, Special Issue, pp. 95–114.
  • Habermas, J. 1996: Citizenship and National Identity, in Between Facts and Norm. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 491–515.
  • JISPP 2003: Journal of the International Society of Political Psychology, vol. 24, no. 2, June.
  • Antal Örkény Hungarian National Identity. Old and New Challenges International Journal of Sociology, vol. 35, no. 4, Winter 2005–6
  • Dekker, H. 2000. European Nations and Nationalism. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.
  • Sik, E. 1999. “The Level and Social Basis of Xenophobia in Contemporary Hungary.” In Authoritarianism and Prejudice: Central European Perspectives, ed. Zs. Enyedi and F. Erõs, 193–213. Budapest: Osiris.
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  • Manners, Customs, Moves, and Moral. New York: Dover.
  • Wallace, C., and D. Stola, eds. 2001, Patterns of Migration in Central Europe. London: Palgrave.