Structure of the Universe 1-2

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 3-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

Semester 1: Cosmology

Brief history of cosmology - introducion to general relaivity - models of the expanding universe - the standard cosmological model – thermodynamics of the expanding universe – paricles in the early universe – cosmic microwave background – dark mater and dark energy – paradoxes of standard cosmology – the inlaionary model

Semester 2: Large-scale structure

Brief introducion to galaxies – extragalacic distance measures – acive galaxies and quasars – galaxy clusters – surveying the large-scale structure – visible and dark mater – surveying the invisible mater – staisical descripion of the distribuion of mater – origin and evoluion of large-scale structure – the cosmic microwave background and its connecion to the large-scale structure

  • Kartunen et al.: Fundamental Astronomy. 5Th ed., Springer, 2003, ISBN 978-3-540-34143-7
  • Freedman and Kaufmann: Universe. 8th ed., W. H. Freeman Publ., 2007, ISBN: 978-0716785842
  • Bradley et al.: Introducion to Modern Astrophysics. 2Nd ed., Benjamin Cummings Publ., 2006, ISBN 978-0805304022