Applied mycology

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

1. Medical mycology I. Dermatomycoses and human pathogenic fungi (Human mycoses caused by Trichophyton, Microsporium, Epidermophyton species)

2. Medical mycology II. Systemic mycoses and fungi causing systemic infections (Diseases caused by budding, filamentous and dimorphic fungi. Candida, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus, Mucor, Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Sporothrix)

3. Medical mycology III. Fungal toxicology, mycotoxins and mycotoxic syndromes (Main types of mycotoxins. Microscopic fungi causing mycotoxicoses (Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Trichothecium). The syndromes of mycetism (phalloides, gyromitra, orellanin, pantherina, muscarin, coprinus, paxillus, psyilocibin and gastrointestinal syndromes) and the causing fungi)

4. Veterinary mycology (Fungal diseases of invertebrates and vertebrates. Common mycoses of domestic animals (domestic birds, ungulates, dogs, cats)

5. Agricultural and horticultural mycology. I. The most important plant diseases caused by fungi. (Pathogenic fungi of cereals and other plant cultures, fruit trees, vinegrape and their economical impact)

6. Agricultural and horticultural mycology II. Traditional techniques in plant protection. (Improving resistance. Chemical plant protection. The sorts of fungicides and their effect. Plant protection technologies)

7. Forestrial mycology (The most common fungal pathogens of forest trees. Damage of trees and timberwood. Protection methods)

8. Biological plant protection (Fungal inocula against animal (nematods, insects, beetles), fungal and bacterial plant diseases)

9. Industrial mycology I. The use of fungi in food industry (Traditional processes in bread and milk industry, fermentation of alcoholic beverages (Saccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces, Kluyveromyces, Penicillium), Far Eastern fermentative food industry, koji fermentations (Aspergillus oryzae)

10. Industrial mycology II. The use of fungi in chemical and pharmaceutical industry (Fermentation methods in industry. Production of chemicals, organic acids, alcohols, lignocellulose conversion, paper industry, production of fungal enzymes (Rhizopus, Phycomyces, Phanerochaete, Trichoderma, Aspergillus))

11. Industrial mycology III. Production and use of antibiotics (Sorts of antibiotics and their effect. Fungi synthetizing antibiotics (Penicillium, Cephalosporium, Acremonium). Production and pharmaceutical use of antibiotiocs. Resistance and iatrogenic harms)

12. Biotechnological modification of fungi (Strain improvement by mutagenesis. Transformation, protoplast fusion, genetical engineering. Using genetically modified fungal strains in pharmaceutical and cosmetical industry).

13. Mushroom cultivation (The most common cultivated mushrooms (Agaricus, Pleurotus, Lentinula, Auricularia). Technologies in mushroom cultivation. The nutritional value of mushrooms)

14. Substances of medicinal fungi and their use in therapy (Mushrooms producing antibiotics, anticholesterols, antidiabetic and hypotensive substances and immunstimulants (Lentinula, Ganoderma, Pleurotus, Flammulina, Coprinus)

15. The use of fungi in environmental protection (Biodegradation, bioconversion, waste elimination, energy production, pertol yeasts)


  • Mahendra Rai, P. D. Bridge: Applied Mycology, CABI, 2009