Microbiology of Environment Protection

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

1. Participation of microorganisms in the alteration of their environment by metabolic processes: transformation of pollutants in the energetic metabolism, incorporation of pollutants into the biomass via anabolic processes.

2. Participation of microorganism in the alteration of their environment by metabolic and other activities: basics of co-metabolism (co-oxidation); bioaccumulation processes;

3. Use of primary and secondary metabolites in environmental technologies, metabolites as pollutants.

4. Basic techniques in environmental technologies I.: bio-stimulation and bioaccumulation processes. Local and global effects.

5. Basic techniques in environmental technologies, II.: bio-augmentation, enzyme and cell immobilisation techniques. GEM release.

6. Kinetic basics of environmental technologies using suspended/fixed biomass. Growth curve, kinetics of decomposition processes. Toxic effects. Biofilms.

7. Biotechnology of composting. Heat curve of windrow composting and microbial processes. Modern technologies in composting. “Green energy”.

8. Basics of sewage treatment technology. The microbiological effect of physico-chemical sewage treatment. Activated sludge and fixed film technologies. Biological N and P removal.

9. Sewage sludge technologies. Stabilisation in aerobic and anaerobic processes. Biogas production and use. Use of stabilised sludge.

10. “Alternative” sewage treatment technologies. Artificial wetland systems. Tertiary sewage treatment. Use of the purified sewage water.

11. Water-, soil-, and air pollution remediation technologies. An increasing load of the environment, self purification processes. Phytoremediation.

12. Production of drinking water. Industrial, ultra-pure waters. Irrigation water. The biological effect of the indoor environment, SBS.

13. Basic methods in environmental analysis. Chemical and biological techniques, ecotoxicology. Environmental risk assessment. Bio indication.

14. Case studies in environmental biotechnologies. “In situ”, on-site” and “ex-situ” processes. Combined remediation technologies.

  • Christon J. Hurst et al.: Manual of Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology Press, 2007