Microscopic Photography

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

1. History of photography – Image formation with converging lenses – Anatomy of the microscope

2. Lens types and their anatomy – Close-up photography

3. Different types of camera, their anatomy and operation – Leaf shutter and curtain shutter

4. Different types of film – Technical specifications for film emulsions – Exposing of the emulsion and the developing process – The craft of making b&w prints

5. Fundamentals of film exposure– Characteristic curves for color films – Push- and pull-processing of films

6. Digital photography – Image sensors in digital cameras: CCD, CMOS, FOVEON – Cooling of charge-coupled devices

7. Light metering – Multiple exposures – Flash photography

8. Filtration techniques for black & white film – Absorption characteristics for biological stains – Filters for black & white photomicrography, regulation of contrast using filters – Suggested filter/stain combinations – Resolution enhancement using filters

9. The concept of color temperature – Approximate color temperatures of common light sources – Use of color temperature conversion filters

10. Troubleshooting errors and faults in photomicrography

11.Various aspects of attaching a camera to the microscope – Standard rules of composition – Public rating of the students own photographs

12–15. The semester is closed by a practical course (2–2.5 days).