Molecular biology of plant transport mechanisms
1. Introduction. General scheme of plant transport processes and its regulation. The role of the apoplast. Effect of chelates. The role of the symplast in the long distance transport.
2. Uptake of potassion and its regulation. Transporters and channels. Differentiating potassium and sodium during uptake and translocation. Regulation of the turgor. Circulation of potassium in the plant.
3. Uptake of calcium and its regulation. Ca-ATPases, Ca-channels. Ca as second messenger. The role of Ca in the integrity of the cell wall and membranes.
4. Uptake of magnesium and its regulation.
5. Uptake of anions and its regulation. Phosphorus, sulphur, chlorine
6. Uptake of boron and its regulation
7. Uptake of nitrogen forms and its regulation. Relationships between the pH and the osmoregulation. Role of nickel.
8. Reduction of iron, its uptake and regulation
9. Uptake of zink and its regulation
10. Uptake of copper and its regulation
11. Uptake of manganase and its regulation
12. Uptake of molybdenum and its regulation
13. Uptake of beneficial elements and its regulation. (Al, Si, etc.)
14. Uptake of toxic elements, mechanism of their accumulation, hyperaccumulation. Physiological changes under phytoremediation.
15. Communication and regulation of behavior in plants. Infraindividula communication, chemical and electric signals, receptors, cellular responses, reactions at organ and organism level
Bob Buchanan et al.: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of Plants, John Wiley & Sons, 2015