Sampling and sample preparation methods in analytical chemistry

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semester 1/3

Typically offered in

Autumn semester

Course description

Types of the samples. Sampling of gas, liquid and solid state materials, metals. Sampling for speciation analysis and for the analysis of environmental samples (air, waters, biological samples sediments and soils). Error sources of the sample preparation. Classic sample preparation methods (dissolving, decomposing, acidic flux, decomposition of organic compounds). Modern digestion methods (high temperature digestion with conventional heat transmission, microwave assisted digestion methods, dry ashing for decomposing organic (biological) samples. Aqueous reagents for dissolving or decomposing samples. Enrichment and separation methods. Sample preparation methods for speciation analysis.



  • R. Bock A Handbook of Decomposition Methods in Analytical Chemistry, Marr, I. L., 1st ed.; John Wiley and Sons: New York, 1979

  • H.M. Kingston, L.B. Jassie: Introduction to microwave Sample Preparation, ACS, Washington, DC, 1988

  • C. Vandecasteele and C.B. Block: Modern methods for trace element determination, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1993

  • R.M. Reeve: Environmental Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1994

  • D.A. Skoog, D.M. West, F.J. Holler: Analytical chemistry, Saunders College Publishing, Fort Worth, 1992