Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description
  1. General introduction (term of algae, algology; connection to other topics in biology; basic elements of algal morphology and reproduction; systematics of algae)
  2. General characteristics of algal divisions I.: cell structure; pigment composition; cell wall; present or absent and structure of flagella; present or absent and position of stigma (eye-spot); cell-motions;
  3. General characteristics of algal divisions II.: characteristic (important) metabolitic processes (e.g. nitrogen fixation); reproduction; base of classification inside of divisions; short owerview of orders; importance of algae in nutrient cicle and water qualification.
  4. Prokariota I. division: Cyanobacteria
  5. Prokariota II.division: Prochlorophyta
  6. Eukariota I. division Rhodophyta
  7. II. division - Heterokontophyta, Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae.
  8. II. division - Bacillariophyceae, Pheaophyceae, Chloromonadophyceae
  9. III-VII. division - Haptophyta, Eustigmatophyta, Cryptophyta, Dinophyta, Euglenophyta
  10. VIII. division - Chlorophyta: Phytomonadina, Chlorococcales, Ulotrichales, Zygnematales, Desmidiales, Charophyceae.
  11. Ecology of algae; importance of algae in nutrient cicle
  12. Biological water qualification (halobity, trophity, saprobity, toxicity), relation of algae and water quality
  13. Relation of algae and water quality (how the algae influece the water quality how can be detected water quality by algal investigations)
  14. Eutrophcation in lakes and rivers.
  15. Toxicity of waters caused by algae, toxicological algal tests
  • GRAHAM, L. E. and WILCOX, L. W. 2000: Algae. - Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 723 pp
  • HOEK, C. VAN DEN MANN, D. G. & JAHNS, H. M., 1995. Algae. An introduction to phycology. – Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. pp. 623.