Applied human biology II

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

1. Anthroposcopy I: methods of morphological features analyses

2. Anthroposcopy II: the morphology of the head, face, eyes and nose

3. Anthroposcopy III: the morphology of the mouth, jaw, ears, hair

4. Morphological study of the head (face, nose, mouth, jaw, ears, hair)

5. Dermatoglyphical study (finger and palm prints, qualitative and quantitative analyses), colour blindness study

6. Assessment of nutritional status, studies of nutritional habits

7. Methods of assessing food nutrients

8. Energy and nutrient uptake and need by physical activity and body shape

9. The relationship between structure and function I: observation of skeletal muscle tonus, electromyogram, determination of maximum clench strength (for right and left hands and compare differences between male and female), motor unit recruitment by body shape and body composition

10. The relationship between structure and function II: observation of rate and rhythm changes in the ECG associated with body position and breathing as well as body composition and body shape, observation of changes in peripheral blood volume and pressure pulse

11. The relationship between structure and function III: listening to human heart sounds, using an auscultatory method for an indirect determination of systemic arterial systolic and diastolic blood pressures in the right arm and the left arm under different experimental conditions of rest and exercise by body shape and body composition

12. The relationship between structure and function IV: respiratory: measuring ventilation utilizing pneumograph, expiration and inspiration, modifications in the rate and depth of the breathing cycle, calculation of pulmonary volumes and capacity by body shape and composition as well as by age, gender and fitness

13. The relationship between structure and function V: cardio-vascular and respiratoric studies during physical activity, cardio-vascular and respiratory adjustment during and after exercise

14. The relationship between structure and function VI: Changes in skin temperature during physical activity and sweating, habitual physical activity and energy needs.

  • Steven Heymsfield: Human Body Composition, Human Kinetics, 2005, ISBN 9780736046558

  • Davies, P.S.W., Cole, T.J. (1995) Body composition techniques in health and disease. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  • Carter, J.E.L., Heath, B.H. (1990). Somatotyping - Development and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Conrad, K. (1963) Der Konstitutionstypus. 2. Auflage. Berlin, Springer.