Human Bacteriology

Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

1. The normal human bacterial flora. Concept of pathogenicity and commensalism. The execution of diagnostic bacteriological tests.

2. Major types of antimicrobial agents: spectrum of activity, characteristics. Frequently used disinfectants.

3. Staphylococci, streptococci, enterococci, Haemophilus, Neisseria meningitidis

4. The role of enterobacteriaceae in extraintestinal infections. Non-fermenting Gram-negativ pathogens. Listeria.

5. Enteric pathogens I.

6. Enteric pathogens II.

7. Legionella, Leptospira, Borrelia, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

8. Anaerobic pathogens.

9. The most important bacterial agents of bioterrorism. (Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Brucella spp, Francisella tularensis)

10. Sexually-transmitted bacterial pathogens

11. Mycobacteriaceae, nocardiaceae.

12. Rickettsiae, Bordetella, Pasteurella, Erysipelothrix.

13. Molecular techniques in human bacteriology.

14. Practical session: Demonstration of major bacterial pathogens and relevant diagnostic tests.

15. Concluding session: Consultation

  • Brooks G.F.-Butel J.S.-Morse S.A. (eds.): Medical Microbiology. Appleton & Lange, Stamford, 1998

  • Van der Zeijst B.A.M.-Hoekstra W.P.M.-van Embden J.D.A.-van Alphen A.J.W.: Ecology of Pathogenic Bacteria North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1997