Type of instruction




Part of degree program


Recommended in

Semesters 1-4

Typically offered in

Autumn/Spring semester

Course description

1. Paleopathology of ancient populations; history, sources, possibilities and boundaries of paleopathological researches

2. Paleopathological methods in analysis of skeletal abnormalities

3. Biology of osteoid tissue; bone development, osteoid remodelling; dental biology

4. Traumatic anomalies; fractures; dislocations; deformations; savours of scalp; trepanation; gestational traumas

5. Circulatory diseases; anatomy of bone circulation; necrosis; reticulo-endothel system and the anomalies of hematopoietic organs; anemia (thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, iron deficiency anemia)

6. Skeletal abnormalities caused by metabolic diseases; vitamin deficiency (C, D), starvation

7. Skeletal abnormalities caused by endocrine disorders; other bone anomalies (Paget disease)

8. Abnormalities of bone development; achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta

9. Skeletal malformations

10. Inflammatory diseases; biology of inflammation, osteomyelitis; periostitis

11. Infectious diseases: TB; leprosy; treponema infection; fungal and virus infections

12. Osteoid tumors; primer and malignus tumors; metastatic tumors

13. Joint diseases; rheumatoid arthritis; degenerative arthritis

14. Diseases of dentition; caries, cyst, periodontal diseases

  • Aufderheide, A.C., Rodriguez-Martin, C.: The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology, Cambridge University Press 2011, ISBN 9781107403772

  • Elizabeth Weiss: Paleopathology in Perspective: Bone Health and Disease through Time; Rowman & Littlefield, 2014, ISBN 9780759124042